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Ac-DEVD-AFC is a fluorogenic substrate for caspase-3 and related caspases. Caspase activity can be quantified by fluorescent detection of free AFC (7-amino-4-trifluoromethylcoumarin), which is excited at 400 nm and emits at 505 nm.

Catalog number
CAS number
Molecular Formula
Molecular Weight
(4S)-4-[[(2S)-2-acetamido-3-carboxypropanoyl]amino]-5-[[(2S)-1-[[(2S)-3-carboxy-1-oxo-1-[[2-oxo-4-(trifluoromethyl)chromen-7-yl]amino]propan-2-yl]amino]-3-methyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl]amino]-5-oxopentanoic acid
Ac-DEVD-7-amido-4-trifluoroMethylcoumarin; Caspase-3 Substrate Ⅶ, Fluorogenic; Ac-Asp-Glu-Val-Asp-AFC; N-acetyl-L-α-aspartyl-L-α-glutamyl-L-valyl-N-[2-oxo-4-(trifluoromethyl)-2H-1-benzopyran-7-yl]-L-α-asparagine
White Powder
1.495±0.06 g/cm3 (Predicted)
Boiling Point
1152.7±65.0°C (Predicted)
Store at -20°C
Soluble in Water
InChI Key
Canonical SMILES
1. Cloning, Escherichia coli expression, purification, characterization, and enzyme assay of the ribosomal protein S4 from wheat seedlings (Triticum vulgare)
P Nageswara Rao, Babu Sudhamalla, Dasari Ramakrishna, Madasu Yadaiah, Abani K Bhuyan, U Mahammad Yasin Protein Expr Purif . 2012 Jan;81(1):55-62. doi: 10.1016/j.pep.2011.09.003.
S4 is a paradigm of ribosomal proteins involved in multifarious activities both within and outside the ribosome. For a detailed biochemical and structural investigations of eukaryotic S4, the wheat S4 gene has been cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli, and the protein purified to a high degree of homogeneity. The 285-residue recombinant protein containing an N-terminal His(6) tag along with fourteen additional residues derived from the cloning vector is characterized by a molecular mass of 31981.24 Da. The actual sequence of 265 amino acids having a molecular mass of 29931 Da completely defines the primary structure of wheat S4. Homology modeling shows a bi-lobed protein topology arising from folding of the polypeptide into two domains, consistent with the fold topology of prokaryotic S4. The purified protein is stable and folded since it can be reversibly unfolded in guanidinium hydrochloride, and is capable of hydrolyzing cysteine protease-specific peptide-based fluorescence substrates, including Ac-DEVD-AFC (N-acetyl-Asp-Glu-Val-Asp-7-amino-4-trifluoromethylcoumarin) and Z-FR-AMC (N-CBZ-Phe-Arg-aminomethylcoumarin).
2. Influence of cytochrome c on apoptosis induced by Anagrapha (Syngrapha) falcifera multiple nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AfMNPV) in insect Spodoptera litura cells
Huazhu Hong, Jianxin Peng, Lijun Liu, Kaiyu Liu, Yi Li, Hong Yang Cell Biol Int . 2007 Sep;31(9):996-1001. doi: 10.1016/j.cellbi.2007.03.011.
We investigated the influence of cytochrome c on apoptosis induced by Anagrapha (Syngrapha) falcifera multiple nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AfMNPV). Microscopic observation revealed that infection of SL-1 cells with AfMNPV resulted in apoptosis, displaying apoptotic bodies in fluorescent-stained nuclei of AfMNPV-infected SL-1cells. Western blot analysis demonstrated that AfMNPV-induced apoptosis in insect SL-1 cells was significantly inhibited by cyclosporin A which blocked a translocation of cytochrome c from the mitochondria to the cytosol. As determined by using AC-DEVD-AFC as substrate, the activity of caspase-3 in AfMNPV-induced cells was detected as early as 4h post infection, gradually increased with time extension, and reached a highest level after 16h of infection. However, activity of caspase-3 in apoptotic cells decreased in the presence of cyclosporin A (30microM), indicating that activation of caspase-3 in SfaMNPV-induced cells was dependent on the release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria. In addition, cyclosporin A could markedly inhibit mitochondrial transmembrane potential (DeltaPsim) disruption in undergoing apoptotic cells. These data indicate that cytochrome c plays a key role in AfMNPV-induced apoptosis in S. litura cells and may be required for caspase activation during the induction of apoptosis.
3. Dose-dependent effects of the caspase inhibitor Q-VD-OPh on different apoptosis-related processes
Dana Grebeňová, Kateřina Kuželová, Barbora Brodská J Cell Biochem . 2011 Nov;112(11):3334-42. doi: 10.1002/jcb.23263.
The effects of the pan-caspase inhibitor Q-VD-OPh on caspase activity, DNA fragmentation, PARP cleavage, 7A6 exposition, and cellular adhesivity to fibronectin were analyzed in detail in three different apoptotic systems involving two cell lines (JURL-MK1 and HL60) and two apoptosis inducers (imatinib mesylate and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid). Q-VD-OPh fully inhibited caspase-3 and -7 activity at 0.05 µM concentration as indicated both by the measurement of the rate of Ac-DEVD-AFC cleavage and anti-caspase immunoblots. Caspase-8 was also inhibited at low Q-VD-OPh concentrations. On the other hand, significantly higher Q-VD-OPh dose (10 µM) was required to fully prevent the cleavage of PARP-1. DNA fragmentation and disruption of the cell membrane functionality (Trypan blue exclusion test) were both prevented at 2 µM Q-VD-OPh while 10 µM inhibitor was needed to inhibit the drug-induced loss of cellular adhesivity to fibronectin which was observed in JURL-MK1 cells. The exposition of the mitochondrial antigen 7A6 occurred independently of Q-VD-OPh addition and may serve to the detection of cumulative incidence of the cells which have initiated the apoptosis. Our results show that Q-VD-OPh efficiency in the inhibition of caspase-3 activity and DNA fragmentation in the whole-cell environment is about two orders of magnitude higher than that of z-VAD-fmk. This difference is not due to a slow permeability of the latter through the cytoplasmic membrane.

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