1.Fourier transform IR study of aggregational behavior of N-acetyl-L- and N-butyloxycarbonyl-L-glutamic acid oligomeric benzyl esters in dioxane and benzene: beta-turn --> antiparallel beta-sheet transition.
Okabayashi H1, Ishida M, Tamaoki H, Masuda H, O'Connor CJ. Biopolymers. 2002 Oct 15;65(2):129-41.
Oligomeric N-acetyl-L-glutamic acid benzyl esters (AN(p)Z) with exact residue numbers (N(p) = 2, 3, 4, and 5) and N-butyloxycarbonyl-L-glutamic acid benzyl esters (BOCN(p)Z) with exact residue numbers (N(p) = 4, 5, 6, and 8) are synthesized by a stepwise procedure in a liquid phase. The aggregational behavior of these oligomeric molecules in dioxane and benzene is examined by Fourier transform IR spectra. In particular, the concentration dependence of the IR spectra for the AN(p)Z solutions with N(p) values of 4 (A4Z) and 5 (A5Z) shows that the predominant antiparallel beta-sheet structure is stabilized above the critical aggregation concentration (cac), while other conformations including beta-turns may coexist below the cac. This fact provides evidence that aggregation induces the conformational transition from other conformers (probably beta-turns) to an antiparallel beta-sheet form. The IR results for the A3Z and A2Z solutions indicate that specific conformers (beta-turns), which are different from the beta-sheet structure, may be preferentially stabilized upon aggregation.
Dobson AJ1, Gerkin RE. Acta Crystallogr C. 1997 Jan 15;53 ( Pt 1):73-6.
In the structure of N-acetyl-L-glutamic acid, C7H11NO5, each molecule is directly hydrogen bonded to four others by a total of six hydrogen bonds. Two carboxylic O atoms and the N atom are donors, while all three acceptors are O atoms. There is also an intramolecular hydrogen bond with the N atom as donor and a carboxylic O atom as acceptor. The carboxyl O and H atoms are ordered. The conformation of the carbon chain with respect to the C3-C4 bond is trans as in L-glutamic acid hydrochloride, rather than gauche as in the beta form of L-glutamic acid.