Adrenomedullin (16-31), human
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Adrenomedullin (16-31), human

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Adrenomedullin (16-31), human is the 16-31 fragment of the amino acid residue of human adreomedullin (HADM).

Peptide Inhibitors
Catalog number
CAS number
Molecular Formula
Molecular Weight
H-Cys-Arg-Phe-Gly-Thr-Cys-Thr-Val-Gln-Lys-Leu-Ala-His-Gln-Ile-Tyr-NH2; L-cysteinyl-L-arginyl-L-phenylalanyl-glycyl-L-threonyl-L-cysteinyl-L-threonyl-L-valyl-L-glutaminyl-L-lysyl-L-leucyl-L-alanyl-L-histidyl-L-glutaminyl-L-isoleucyl-L-tyrosinamide (1->6)-disulfide
White or Off-white Lyophilized Powder
1.5±0.1 g/cm3
Store at -20°C
Soluble in Water
InChI Key
Canonical SMILES
1. Disulfide bond cleavage in TEMPO-free radical initiated peptide sequencing mass spectrometry
Minhee Lee, Younjin Lee, Minhyuk Kang, Hyeyeon Park, Yeonmi Seong, Bong June Sung, Bongjin Moon, Han Bin Oh J Mass Spectrom. 2011 Aug;46(8):830-9. doi: 10.1002/jms.1955.
The gas-phase free radical initiated peptide sequencing (FRIPS) fragmentation behavior of o-TEMPO-Bz-conjugated peptides with an intra- and intermolecular disulfide bond was investigated using MS(n) tandem mass spectrometry experiments. Investigated peptides included four peptides with an intramolecular cyclic disulfide bond, Bactenecin (RLCRIVVIRVCR), TGF-α (CHSGYVGVRC), MCH (DFDMLRCMLGRVFRPCWQY) and Adrenomedullin (16-31) (CRFGTCTVQKLAHQIY), and two peptides with an intermolecular disulfide bond. Collisional activation of the benzyl radical conjugated peptide cation, which was generated through the release of a TEMPO radical from o-TEMPO-Bz-conjugated peptides upon initial collisional activation, produced a large number of peptide backbone fragments in which the S-S or C-S bond was readily cleaved. The observed peptide backbone fragments included a-, c-, x- or z-types, which indicates that the radical-driven peptide fragmentation mechanism plays an important role in TEMPO-FRIPS mass spectrometry. FRIPS application of the linearly linked disulfide peptides further showed that the S-S or C-S bond was selectively and preferentially cleaved, followed by peptide backbone dissociations. In the FRIPS mass spectra, the loss of ·SH or ·SSH was also abundantly found. On the basis of these findings, FRIPS fragmentation pathways for peptides with a disulfide bond are proposed. For the cleavage of the S-S bond, the abstraction of a hydrogen atom at C(β) by the benzyl radical is proposed to be the initial radical abstraction/transfer reaction. On the other hand, H-abstraction at C(α) is suggested to lead to C-S bond cleavage, which yields [ion ± S] fragments or the loss of ·SH or ·SSH.
2. Adrenomedullin (16-31) has pressor activity in the rat but not the cat
H C Champion, D E Friedman, D G Lambert, W A Murphy, D H Coy, P J Kadowitz Peptides. 1997;18(1):133-6. doi: 10.1016/s0196-9781(96)00251-3.
Responses to a newly synthesized human adrenomedullin (hADM) analog, hADM (16-31), were investigated in the rat and cat. Unlike the full-sequence peptide, which has potent hypotensive activity, hADM (16-31) had pressor activity in the rat but not in the cat. Injection of hADM (16-31) in doses of 10-300 nmol/kg i.v. induced dose-dependent increases in systemic arterial pressure in the rat, and the peptide was approximately 10-fold less potent than norepinephrine when doses are compared on a nanomole basis. In contrast, injection of hADM (16-31) in doses up to 1,000 nmol/kg i.v. had no significant effect on systemic arterial pressure in the cat. Increases in systemic arterial pressure in response to hADM (16-31) in the rat were significantly reduced after administration of phentolamine or reserpine. These data suggest that increases in systemic arterial pressure in response to hADM (16-31) are mediated by release of catecholamines and activation of alpha-adrenergic receptors in the rat. These data show that hADM (16-31) has significant pressor activity and that there are marked species differences in the response to hADM (16-31).
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