1. Stereostructure Dependence Phenomenon on the Self-Assembly of Ala-Ala-Ala Lipotripeptides
He Wei, Shuwei Lin, Wei Liu, Yi Li, Baozong Li, Yonggang Yang Langmuir. 2022 Feb 22;38(7):2248-2256. doi: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.1c02813. Epub 2022 Feb 8.
A series of lipotripeptide stereoisomers based on alanine were synthesized, and their self-assembling behaviors were studied by means of circular dichroism spectra, ATR-IR, temperature-dependent 1H NMR, and X-ray diffraction patterns. In the mixed solvent of hexafluoroisopropanol/H2O (1/9, v/v), eight lipotripeptides were able to self-assembled into nanoflakes or nanoribbons driven by the hydrophobic association of alkyl chains, intermolecular hydrogen bonding among carboxyl groups at C-terminal and amide groups of alanine moieties in the peptide segment. It was found that the stacking chirality of carbonyl groups was determined by the chirality of alanine residue at C-terminal (i.e., "C-terminal determination" rule). Moreover, our research also highlighted the intermolecular hydrogen bonding on amide groups of each alanine residue, terminal carboxyl as well as the molecular packing structures can be subtly manipulated by changing the stereochemical sequence of peptide segment.
2. [Pt(dien)]2+ migrates intramolecularly from methionine S to imidazole Nepsilon2 in the peptides H-His-Gly-Met-OH and Ac-His-Ala-Ala-Ala-Met-NHPh
M Hahn, D Wolters, W S Sheldrick, F B Hulsbergen, J Reedijk J Biol Inorg Chem. 1999 Aug;4(4):412-20. doi: 10.1007/s007750050327.
The pH- and time-dependent reaction of [Pt(dien)(H2O)]2+ with the methionine- and histidine-containing peptides H-His-Gly-Met-OH and Ac-His-Ala-Ala-Ala-Met-NHPh at 313 K has been investigated by HPLC and NMR spectroscopy. For both peptides, initial relatively rapid formation of the kinetically favoured methionine S-bound complex is followed by slow intramolecular migration of the [Pt(dien)]2+ fragment to imidazole Nepsilon2 (or, in the case of H-His-Gly-Met-OH, to a much lesser extent to the competing imidazole Ndelta1) of the histidine side chain over a period of 500 h. Time-dependent studies for the pentapeptide at pH 8.0 demonstrate that this isomerization can take place by either direct S-->Nepsilon2 migration or by a two-step mechanism involving initial Nepsilon2 coordination of a second [Pt(dien)]2+ fragment and subsequent cleavage of the orginal Pt-S bond in the resulting dinuclear complex. The rate of kappaS/kappaNepsilon2 isomerization is markedly reduced on lowering the pH to 5.1.
3. Effect of the identity of Xaa on the fragmentation modes of doubly-protonated Ala-Ala-Xaa-Ala-Ala-Ala-Arg
Alex G Harrison J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2011 May;22(5):906-11. doi: 10.1007/s13361-011-0091-2. Epub 2011 Mar 8.
The product ion mass spectra resulting from collisional activation of doubly-protonated tryptic-type peptides Ala-Ala-Xaa-Ala-Ala-Ala-Arg have been determined for Xaa = Ala(A), Ser(S), Val(V), Thr(T), Ile(I), Phe(F), Tyr(Y), Sar, Met(M), Trp(W), Pro(P), and Gln(Q). The major fragmentation reaction involves cleavage of the second amide bond (counting from the N-terminus) except for Xaa = Ser and Thr where elimination of H(2)O from the [M + 2H](+2) ion forms the base peak. In general, the extent of cleavage of the second amide bond shows little dependence on the identity of Xaa and little dependence on whether the bond cleavage involves symmetrical bond cleavage to form a y(5)/b(2) ion pair or asymmetrically to form y (5) (+2) and a neutral b(2) species. Notable exceptions to this generalization occur for Xaa equal to Pro or Sar. For Xaa = Pro only cleavage of the second amide bond is observed, consistent with a pronounced proline effect, i.e., cleavage N-terminal to Pro. When Xaa = Sar considerably enhanced cleavage of the second amide bond also is observed, suggesting that at least part of the proline effect relates to the tertiary nature of the amide nitrogen. In the competition between symmetric and asymmetric bond cleavage an attempt to establish a linear free energy correlation in relating ln(y(5)(+2)/y(5)) to PA(H-Xaa-OH) did not lead to a reasonable correlation although the trend of increasing y(5)(+2)/y(5) ratio with increasing proton affinity of H-Xaa-OH was clear. Proline showed a unique behavior in giving a much higher y(5)(+2)/y(5) ratio than any of the other residues studied.