Bacteriocin bavaricin-MN
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Bacteriocin bavaricin-MN

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Bacteriocin bavaricin-MN is an antimicrobial peptide found in Lactobacillus sakei. It has antimicrobial activity.

Functional Peptides
Catalog number
CAS number
Bavaricin-MN (Bacteriocin); Thr-Lys-Tyr-Tyr-Gly-Asn-Gly-Val-Tyr-Cys-Asn-Ser-Lys-Lys-Cys-Trp-Val-Asp-Trp-Gly-Gln-Ala-Ala-Gly-Gly-Ile-Gly-Gln-Thr-Val-Val-X-Gly-Trp-Leu-Gly-Gly-Ala-Ile-Pro-Gly-Lys
Lyophilized Powder or Liquid
Store at -20°C
1. Purification, characterization and amino acid sequencing of divergicin M35: a novel class IIa bacteriocin produced by Carnobacterium divergens M35
I Tahiri, M Desbiens, R Benech, E Kheadr, C Lacroix, S Thibault, D Ouellet, I Fliss Int J Food Microbiol. 2004 Dec 15;97(2):123-36. doi: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2004.04.013.
Carnobacterium divergens M35, isolated from a commercial sample of frozen smoked mussels, produces a new bacteriocin, divergicin M35, a class IIa bacteriocin. Divergicin M35 is sensitive to pronase-E, alpha-chymotrypsin and proteinase K, but not to trypsin and withstands thermal treatments up to 121 degrees C for 30 min. Divergicin M35 was extracted from the culture supernatant of C. divergens M35 using an SP-Sepharose cation-exchange column, desalted and purified on a C18 Sep-Pack column and further purified by reverse phase-high pressure liquid chromatography. This procedure allowed the recovery of 10% of the bacteriocin present in the culture supernatant with purity higher than 99%. Divergicin M35 had a molecular mass of 4518.75 Da as determined by mass spectrometry, a pI value of 8.3 and positive net charge (+3). The amino acid sequence of divergicin M35 was found to consist of 43 amino acid with four cysteine residues (Cys10, 15, 25, 43) and showed 80.5% homology with divercin V41 (80.5%) and 80.0% with bavaricin MN. Divergicin M35 showed powerful antilisterial activity, especially against Listeria monocytogenes and was also active against carnobacteria but not against strains of Lactococcus, Lactobacillus, Enterococcus, Bifidobacteria and Escherichia. Divergicin M35 production began in late exponential phase and reached a maximum activity of 65,000 AU/ml in early stationary phase. Initial broth pH, Tween 80 and acetate did not affect C. divergens M35 growth or divergicin production. This bacteriocin may be a potential tool for inhibiting L. monocytogenes in seafood products that do not usually undergo an adequate heat treatment.
2. Inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes in Hot Dogs by Surface Application of Freeze-Dried Bacteriocin-Containing Powders from Lactic Acid Bacteria
Gülhan Ünlü, Barbara Nielsen, Claudia Ionita Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins. 2016 Jun;8(2):102-10. doi: 10.1007/s12602-016-9213-2.
Six lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains, Lactococcus lactis BFE 920, L. lactis subsp. lactis ATCC 11454, L. lactis subsp. cremoris ATCC 14365, Lactobacillus curvatus L442, Lact. curvatus LTH 1174, and Lact. bavaricus MN, were grown in cheddar cheese whey supplemented with complex nutrient sources. Cell-free culture supernatants were freeze-dried, and the resulting bacteriocin-containing powders were applied on the surface of hot dogs that were inoculated (~4 log cfu/hot dog) with a five-strain Listeria monocytogenes cocktail. Hot dogs were vacuum-sealed and stored at 4 °C for 4 weeks. L. monocytogenes was enumerated, using both tryptic soy agar (TSA) and oxford listeria agar (OXA), on day 0 and at 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks of the refrigerated storage. In hot dogs containing only the L. monocytogenes inoculum, L. monocytogenes counts increased from 4 up to 7 log cfu/hot dog. All samples containing freeze-dried bacteriocin-containing powders exhibited significantly lowered (P < 0.05) L. monocytogenes populations on the surface of hot dogs throughout the 4-week study except for bavaricin MN powder. Bacterial counts on hot dogs packed without any powder were statistically equal on day 0 when enumerated on OXA. Freeze-dried bacteriocin-containing powders from Lact. curvatus L442 and L. lactis subsp. cremoris ATCC 14365 decreased L. monocytogenes populations on the surface of hot dogs by greater than 2 log cfu/hot dog throughout the 4-week study. For the powdered bacteriocin preparations from L. lactis BFE 920, L. lactis subsp. lactis ATCC 11454, and Lact. curvatus LTH 1174, L. monocytogenes populations were determined to be approximately 3-log cfu/hot dog after 4 weeks of storage.
3. Purification of the bacteriocin bavaricin MN and characterization of its mode of action against Listeria monocytogenes Scott A cells and lipid vesicles
A L Kaiser, T J Montville Appl Environ Microbiol. 1996 Dec;62(12):4529-35. doi: 10.1128/aem.62.12.4529-4535.1996.
Bavaricin MN was purified from Lactobacillus sake culture supernatant 135-fold with a final yield of 11%. Sequence analysis revealed bavaricin MN to be a 42-amino-acid peptide having a molecular weight of 4,769 and a calculated pI of 10.0. Computer analysis indicated that the C-terminal region may form an alpha-helical structure with an amphipathic nature deemed important in the interaction of bacteriocins with biological membranes. Bavaricin MN rapidly depleted the membrane potential (delta p) of energized Listeria monocytogenes cells in a concentration-dependent fashion. At a bavaricin MN concentration of 9.0 micrograms/ml, the delta p decreased by 85%. Both the electrical potential (delta psi) and Z delta pH components of the delta p were depleted, and this depletion was not dependent on a threshold level of proton motive force. In addition to studying the effect of bavaricin MN on the delta p of vegetative cells, bavaricin MN-induced carboxyfluorescein (CF) efflux from L. monocytogenes-derived lipid vesicles was also characterized. Bavaricin MN-induced CF leakage was also concentration dependent with an optimum of pH 6.0. The rate of CF efflux was 63% greater in lipid vesicles in which a delta psi was generated compared with that in lipid vesicles in the absence of a delta psi.
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