Bacteriocin leucocin C
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Bacteriocin leucocin C

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Bacteriocin leucocin C is an antimicrobial peptide produced by Leuconostoc mesenteroides. It has antibacterial activity against a wide spectrum of lactic acid bacteria.

Functional Peptides
Catalog number
CAS number
Molecular Formula
Molecular Weight
Leucocin C; Leu C; Lys-Asn-Tyr-Gly-Asn-Gly-Val-His-Cys-Thr-Lys-Lys-Gly-Cys-Ser-Val-Asp-Trp-Gly-Tyr-Ala-Trp-Thr-Asn-Ile-Ala-Asn-Asn-Ser-Val-Met-Asn-Gly-Leu-Thr-Gly-Gly-Asn-Ala-Gly-Trp-His-Asn
Lyophilized Powder or Liquid
Store at -20°C
1. Heterologous Expression of the Leuconostoc Bacteriocin Leucocin C in Probiotic Yeast Saccharomyces boulardii
Ran Li, Xing Wan, Timo M Takala, Per E J Saris Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins. 2021 Feb;13(1):229-237. doi: 10.1007/s12602-020-09676-1.
The yeast Saccharomyces boulardii is well known for its probiotic effects such as treating or preventing gastrointestinal diseases. Due to its ability to survive in stomach and intestine, S. boulardii could be applied as a vehicle for producing and delivering bioactive substances of interest to human gut. In this study, we cloned the gene lecC encoding the antilisterial peptide leucocin C from lactic acid bacterium Leuconostoc carnosum in S. boulardii. The constructed S. boulardii strain secreted a peptide, which had molecular weight corresponding to leucocin C in SDS-PAGE. The peptide band inhibited Listeria monocytogenes in gel overlay assay. Likewise, concentrated S. boulardii culture supernatant inhibited the growth of L. monocytogenes. The growth profile and acid tolerance of the leucocin C secreting S. boulardii were similar as those of the strain carrying the empty vector. We further demonstrated that the cells of the leucocin C producing S. boulardii efficiently killed L. monocytogenes, also without antibiotic selection pressure. These results showed that antilisterial activity could be added to the arsenal of probiotic activities of S. boulardii, demonstrating its potential as a carrier for therapeutics delivery.
2. Genetic characterisation and heterologous expression of leucocin C, a class IIa bacteriocin from Leuconostoc carnosum 4010
Xing Wan, Ruiqing Li, Per E J Saris, Timo M Takala Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2013 Apr;97(8):3509-18. doi: 10.1007/s00253-012-4406-4. Epub 2012 Oct 9.
Leuconostoc carnosum 4010 is a protective culture for meat products. It kills the foodborne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes by producing two class IIa (pediocin-like) bacteriocins, leucocin A and leucocin C. The genes for leucocin A production have previously been characterised from Leuconostoc gelidum UAL 187, whereas no genetic studies about leucocin C has been published. Here, we characterised the genes for the production of leucocins A and C in L. carnosum 4010. In this strain, leucocin A and leucocin C operons were localised in different plasmids. Unlike in L. gelidum, leucocin A operon in L. carnosum 4010 only contained the structural and the immunity genes lcaAB without transporter genes lcaECD. On the contrary, leucocin C cluster included two intact operons. Novel genes lecCI encode the leucocin C precursor and the 97-aa immunity protein LecI, respectively. LecI shares 48 % homology with the immunity proteins of sakacin P and listeriocin. Another leucocin C operon lecXTS, encoding an ABC transporter and an accessory protein, was 97 % identical with the leucocin A transporter operon lcaECD of L. gelidum. For heterologous expression of leucocin C in Lactococcus lactis, the mature part of the lecC gene was fused with the signal sequence of usp45 in the secretion vector pLEB690. L. lactis secreted leucocin C efficiently, as shown by large halos on lawns of L. monocytogenes and Leuconostoc mesenteroides indicators. The function of LecI was then demonstrated by expressing the gene lecI in L. monocytogenes. LecI-producing Listeria was less sensitive to leucocin C than the vector strain, thus corroborating the immunity function of LecI.
3. Leucocin C-607, a Novel Bacteriocin from the Multiple-Bacteriocin-Producing Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides 607 Isolated from Persimmon
Yi-Sheng Chen, Hui-Chung Wu, Cheng-Yu Kuo, Yu-Wei Chen, Sin Ho, Fujitoshi Yanagida Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins. 2018 Jun;10(2):148-156. doi: 10.1007/s12602-017-9359-6.
Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides 607, isolated from persimmon fruit, was found to have high inhibitory activity against Listeria monocytogenes and several other Gram-positive bacteria. Inhibitory substances were purified from culture supernatant by ion-exchange chromatography, Sep-Pak C18 cartridge, and reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). Two antibacterial peptides were observed during the purification procedures. One of these peptides had a molecular size of 4623.05 Da and a partial N-terminal amino acid sequence of NH2-KNYGNGVHxTKKGxS, in which the YGNGV motif is specific for class IIa bacteriocins. A BLAST search revealed that this bacteriocin was similar to leucocin C from Leuconostoc mesenteroides. Leucocin C-specific primers were designed and a single PCR product was amplified. Analysis of the nucleotide sequence has revealed a putative peptide differing by only one amino acid residue from the sequence of leucocin C. No identical peptide or protein has been reported in the literature, and this peptide, termed leucocin C-607, was therefore considered to be a new variant of leucocin C produced by Leuc. pseudomesenteroides 607. Another antibacterial peptide purified from the same culture supernatant had a molecular size of 3007.7 or 3121.97 Da. However, detailed information regarding this second peptide remains to be determined. Distinct characteristics, such as heat stability and inhibitory spectrum, were observed for the two bacteriocins produced by Leuc. pseudomesenteroides 607. These results suggested that Leuc. pseudomesenteroides 607 produces leucocin C-607 along with another unknown bacteriocin.
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