Bacteriocin rhamnosin A
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Bacteriocin rhamnosin A

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Bacteriocin rhamnosin A is an antimicrobial peptide produced by Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain 68. It has antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria.

Functional Peptides
Catalog number
Molecular Formula
Molecular Weight
Rhamnosin A (Bacteriocin); Ala-Val-Pro-Ala-Val-Arg-Lys-Thr-Asn-Glu-Thr-Leu-Asp
Lyophilized Powder or Liquid
Store at -20°C
1. The identification of a low molecular mass bacteriocin, rhamnosin A, produced by Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain 68
R Dimitrijević, M Stojanović, I Zivković, A Petersen, R M Jankov, L Dimitrijević, M Gavrović-Jankulović J Appl Microbiol. 2009 Dec 1;107(6):2108-15. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2009.04539.x. Epub 2009 Aug 28.
Aims: This study focuses on the isolation and characterization of a peptide with bacteriocin-like properties isolated from Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain 68, previously identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and originating from human gastrointestinal flora. Methods and results: The peptide was isolated from a supernatant of bacteria maintained under restrictive conditions by a combination of ethanol precipitation and reversed-phase chromatography. The molecular mass of the peptide as assessed by mass spectrometry was 6433.8 Da. An isoelectric point of 9.8 was determined by 2D-PAGE. The peptide designated rhamnosin A inhibited Micrococcus lysodeikticus ATCC 4698 but did not inhibit Lactobacillus plantarum 8014 or Lact. plantarum 39268. Inhibitory activity against M. lysodeikticus at concentrations used in this study was shown to be bacteriostatic rather than bacteriolytic or bactericidal. Rhamnosin A retained biological activity after heat treatment (95 degrees C, 30 min) but was sensitive to proteolytic activity of pepsin and trypsin. Conclusions: The N-terminal sequence of rhamnosin A, as determined by Edman degradation and in more detail by blast analysis, did not show identity with any currently available Lact. rhamnosus HN001-translated protein sequences, nor any significant similarity with other sequences in the nonredundant protein sequence database. Being a small, heat-stable, nonlanthionine-containing peptide, rhamnosin A should be categorized as a class II bacteriocin. Significance and impact of the study: This study describes a partial bacteriocin sequence isolated from Lact. rhamnosus 68 and broadens our understanding of bacteriocins.
2. Acetate Activates Lactobacillus Bacteriocin Synthesis by Controlling Quorum Sensing
Fanqiang Meng, Haizhen Zhao, Ting Nie, Fengxia Lu, Chong Zhang, Yingjian Lu, Zhaoxin Lu Appl Environ Microbiol. 2021 Jun 11;87(13):e0072021. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00720-21. Epub 2021 Jun 11.
Bacteriocins are useful for controlling the composition of microorganisms in fermented food. Bacteriocin synthesis is regulated by quorum sensing mediated by autoinducing peptides. In addition, short-chain fatty acids, especially acetic acid, reportedly regulate bacteriocin synthesis. Five histidine kinases that regulated the synthesis of bacteriocins were selected to verify their interactions with acetate. Acetate activated the kinase activity of PlnB, SppK, and HpK3 in vitro and increased the yield of their cognate bacteriocins plantaricin EF, sakacin A, and rhamnosin B in vivo. The antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus of the fermentation supernatants of Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus sakei, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus with addition of acetate increased to 298%, 198%, and 289%, respectively, compared with that in the absence of acetate. Our study elucidated the activation activity of acetate in bacteriocin synthesis, and it might provide a potential strategy to increase the production of bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus. IMPORTANCE Bacteriocins produced by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are particularly useful in food preservation and food safety. Bacteriocins might increase bacterial competitive advantage against the indigenous microbiota of the intestines; at the same time, bacteriocins could limit the growth of undesired microorganisms in yogurt and other dairy products. This study confirmed that three kinds of histidine kinases were activated by acetate and upregulated bacteriocin synthesis both in vitro and in vivo. The increasing yield of bacteriocins reduced the number of pathogens and increased the number of probiotics in milk. Bacteriocin synthesis activation by acetate may have a broad application in the preservation of dairy products and forage silage.
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