1.Mucosal acidification increases hydrogen sulfide release through up-regulating gene and protein expressions of cystathionine gamma-lyase in the rat gastric mucosa.
Mard SA1, Veisi A2, Ahangarpour A2, Gharib-Naseri MK2. Iran J Basic Med Sci. 2016 Feb;19(2):172-7.
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to investigate the effects of mucosal acidification on mRNA expression and protein synthesis of cystathionine gamma lyase (CSE), cystathionine beta synthase (CBS), and mucosal release of H2S in gastric mucosa in rats.
2.A N-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazine dangled 2,5-diphenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazole-based fluorescent sensor for selective relay recognition of Cu2+ and sulfide in water.
Tang L1, Zheng Z1, Bian Y1. Luminescence. 2016 Apr 17. doi: 10.1002/bio.3128. [Epub ahead of print]
A new 2,5-diphenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazole-based derivative (L) was synthesized and applied as a highly selective and sensitive fluorescent sensor for relay recognition of Cu2+ and S2- in water (Tris-HCl 10 mM, pH = 7.0) solution. L exhibits an excellent selectivity to Cu2+ over other examined metal ions with a prominent fluorescence 'turn-off' at 392 nm. L interacts with Cu2+ through a 1:2 binding stoichiometry with a detection limit of 4.8 × 10-7 M. The on-site formed L-2Cu2+ complex exhibits excellent selectivity to S2- with a fluorescence 'off-on' response via a Cu2+ displacement approach. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
3.A hydrometallurgical process for recovering total metal values from waste monolithic ceramic capacitors.
Prabaharan G1, Barik SP2, Kumar B1. Waste Manag. 2016 Apr 12. pii: S0956-053X(16)30173-8. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2016.04.010. [Epub ahead of print]
A hydrometallurgical process for recovering the total metal values from waste monolithic ceramic capacitors was investigated. The process parameters such as time, temperature, acid concentration, hydrogen peroxide concentration and other reagents (amount of zinc dust and sodium formate) were optimized. Base metals such as Ba, Ti, Sn, Cu and Ni are leached out in two stages using HCl in stage 1 and HCl with H2O2 in stage 2. More than 99% of leaching efficiency for base metals (Cu, Ni, Ba, Ti and Sn) was achieved. Precious metals such as Au and Pd are leached out using aquaregia and nitric acid was used for the leaching of Ag. Base metals (Ba, Ti, Sn, Cu and Ni) are recovered by selective precipitation using H2SO4 and NaOH solution. In case of precious metals, Au and Pd from the leach solution were precipitated out using sodium metabisulphite and sodium formate, respectively. Sodium chloride was used for the precipitation of Ag from leach solution.
4.Intravaginal administration of metformin hydrochloride loaded cationic niosomes amalgamated with thermosensitive gel for the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome: In vitro and in vivo studies.
Saini N1, Sodhi RK2, Bajaj L1, Pandey RS3, Jain UK1, Katare OP4, Madan J5. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2016 Apr 8;144:161-169. doi: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2016.04.016. [Epub ahead of print]
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Metformin hydrochloride (MTF-HCl) is extensively recommended by physicians for the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Mechanistically, MTF-HCl activates AMP-dependent kinase-α (AMPK-α) pathway to decrease the glucose production, enhances fatty acid oxidation and elevates the uptake of glucose in tissues. However, despite favourable physicochemical properties, oral administration of MTF-HCl is associated with impaired bioavailability (50-60%), lactic-acidosis and frequent dosing (500mg 2-3 times a day) in PCOS that ultimately influence the patient compliance. Therefore, in present investigation, MTF-HCl loaded unmodified and cationic small unilamellar niosomes were separately amalgamated with thermosensitive gel (MTF-HCl-SUNs-Gel and MTF-HCl-C-SUNs-Gel) for the treatment of PCOS through vaginal route of administration.