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L-Isoleucine is an essential branched-chain amino acid obtained from food. It has an insulin-resistant effect and improves insulin sensitivity.
Protein supplement in health care products.

L-Amino Acids
Catalog number
CAS number
Molecular Formula
Molecular Weight
(2S,3S)-2-amino-3-methylpentanoic acid
Diisobutylnitrosoamine; N-Nitrosodiisobutylamine
White Solid
Melting Point
288°C (dec.)
Store at RT
water, 2.191e+004 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Ingredient of health care products.
InChI Key
Canonical SMILES
1.Noncovalent Bonding of RGD and YIGSR to an Electrospun Poly(ε-Caprolactone) Conduit through Peptide Self-Assembly to Synergistically Promote Sciatic Nerve Regeneration in Rats.
Zhu L;Wang K;Ma T;Huang L;Xia B;Zhu S;Yang Y;Liu Z;Quan X;Luo K;Kong D;Huang J;Luo Z Adv Healthc Mater. 2017 Apr;6(8). doi: 10.1002/adhm.201600860. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
The nerve conduit with biofunctionalities can regulate neurite outgrowth, as well as the migration, proliferation, and myelination activity of Schwann cells. In the present study, polycaprolactone (PCL) conduits are coated with Naphthalene-phenylalanine-phenylalanine-glycine-arginine-glycine-aspartic (Nap-FFGRGD) and Naphthalene-phenylalanine-phenylalanine-glycine-cysteine-aspartic-proline-glycine-tyrosine-isoleucine-glycine-serine-arginine (Nap-FFGCDPGYIGSR) by self-assembly. In vitro studies demonstrate that arginine-glycine-aspartic (RGD) and tyrosine-isoleucine-glycine-serine-arginine (YIGSR) are capable of synergistically enhancing the ability of PCL to support the adhesion and proliferation of Schwann cells, as well as increasing neurite outgrowth from dorsal root ganglions explants. This synergistic effect may occur via the activation of both the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B and mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase pathways. RGD/YIGSR modifications demonstrate beneficial effects across a 15 mm sciatic nerve gap in axonal regeneration and functional recovery. In addition, increased vascularization is observed in the RGD/YIGSR-PCL group, which might contribute to their beneficial effects on nerve regeneration.
2.Methionine, leucine, isoleucine, or threonine effects on mammary cell signaling and pup growth in lactating mice.
Liu GM;Hanigan MD;Lin XY;Zhao K;Jiang FG;White RR;Wang Y;Hu ZY;Wang ZH J Dairy Sci. 2017 May;100(5):4038-4050. doi: 10.3168/jds.2016-11973. Epub 2017 Feb 23.
Two studies were undertaken to assess the effects of individual essential AA supplementation of a protein-deficient diet on lactational performance in mice using litter growth rates as a response variable. The first study was designed to establish a dietary protein response curve, and the second to determine the effects of Leu, Ile, Met, and Thr supplementation of a protein-deficient diet on lactational performance. In both studies, dams were fed test diets from parturition through d 17 of lactation, when the studies ended. Mammary tissue was collected on d 17 from mice on the second experiment and analyzed for mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway signaling. Supplementation with Ile, Leu, or Met independently increased litter weight gain by 11, 9, and 10%, respectively, as compared with the protein-deficient diet. These responses were supported by independent phosphorylation responses for mTOR and eIF4E binding protein 1 (4eBP1). Supplementation of Ile, Leu, and Met increased phosphorylation of mTOR by 55, 34, and 47%, respectively, as compared with the protein-deficient diet. Phosphorylation of 4eBP1 increased in response to Ile and Met supplementation by 60 and 40%, respectively.
3.(67/68)Ga-labeling agent that liberates (67/68)Ga-NOTA-methionine by lysosomal proteolysis of parental low molecular weight polypeptides to reduce renal radioactivity levels.
Uehara T;Rokugawa T;Kinoshita M;Nemoto S;Fransisco Lazaro GG;Hanaoka H;Arano Y Bioconjug Chem. 2014 Nov 19;25(11):2038-45. doi: 10.1021/bc5004058. Epub 2014 Oct 22.
The renal localization of gallium-67 or gallium-68 ((67/68)Ga)-labeled low molecular weight (LMW) probes such as peptides and antibody fragments constitutes a problem in targeted imaging. Wu et al. previously showed that (67)Ga-labeled S-2-(4-isothiocyanatobenzyl)-1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-triacetic acid (SCN-Bz-NOTA)-conjugated methionine ((67)Ga-NOTA-Met) was rapidly excreted from the kidney in urine following lysosomal proteolysis of the parental (67)Ga-NOTA-Bz-SCN-disulfide-stabilized Fv fragment (Bioconjugate Chem., (1997) 8, 365-369). In the present study, a new (67/68)Ga-labeling reagent for LMW probes that liberates (67/68)Ga-NOTA-Met was designed, synthesized, and evaluated using longer-lived (67)Ga in order to reduce renal radioactivity levels. We employed a methionine-isoleucine (MI) dipeptide bond as the cleavable linkage. The amine residue of MI was coupled with SCN-Bz-NOTA for (67)Ga-labeling, while the carboxylic acid residue of MI was derivatized to maleimide for antibody conjugation in order to synthesize NOTA-MI-Mal. A Fab fragment of the anti-Her2 antibody was thiolated with iminothiolane, and NOTA-MI-Mal was conjugated with the antibody fragment by maleimide-thiol chemistry.

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