(-)-DIOP - CAS 32305-98-9

(-)-DIOP is a chiral phosphine ligand for enantioselective synthesis with high yield and high enantioselective results.

Catalog number
CAS number
Molecular Formula
Molecular Weight
Powder or Crystalline or Crystalline Powder or Chunks
Melting Point
89-90 ℃
Boiling Point
590.3±25.0 ℃ / 760 mmHg
Inert atmosphere. Keep cold.
InChI Key
Canonical SMILES
1. Enantioselective liquid-liquid extraction of 3-chloro-phenylglycine enantiomers using (s,S)-diop as extractant.
Yu Ma, Longqi Xu, Qi Liu, Xiong Liu. Chirality. 2019 Sep; 31(9): 750-758. DOI: 10.1002/chir.23111. PMID: 31328839.
(S,S)-DIOP, a common catalyst used in asymmetric reaction, was adopted as chiral extractant to separate 3-chloro-phenylglycine enantiomers in liquid-liquid extraction. The factors affecting extraction efficiency were studied, including metal precursors, organic solvents, extraction temperature, chiral extractant concentration, and pH of aqueous phase. (S,S)-DIOP-Pd exhibited good ability to recognize 3-chloro-phenylglycine enantiomers, and the operational enantioselectivity (α) is 1.836. The highest performance factor (pf) was obtained under the condition of extraction temperature of 9.1°C, (S,S)-DIOP-Pd concentration of 1.7 mmol/L, and pH of aqueous phase of 7.0. In addition, the possible recognition mechanism of (S,S)-DIOP-Pd towards 3-chloro-phenylglycine enantiomers was discussed.
2. Mixed-diphosphine-protected chiral undecagold clusters au 11( s, S-diop) 4( rac-/ r-/ s-binap): effect of the handedness of binap on their chiroptical responses.
Yasuhiko Sato, Hiroshi Yao. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2021 Aug 12; 23(31): 16847-16854. DOI: 10.1039/d1cp02106k. PMID: 34328157.
In this article, we report a preference of homochiral-type ligation of BINAP that produces SS-type ligand assembly onto the Au11 clusters protected by diphosphine S,S-DIOP. The Au11 clusters synthesized and isolated are Au11(S,S-DIOP)4(rac-/R-/S-BINAP), and their optical/chiroptical responses are characterized. Absorption spectra of these Au11 clusters are almost identical to each other, but their CD profiles are dependent on the handedness of BINAP. In Au11(S,S-DIOP)4(rac-BINAP), the yield of S-BINAP or R-BINAP coordination is roughly comparable, but we found a small but distinctive preference in the S-BINAP ligation; that is, homochiral-type (SS-type) ligand assembly formation. Quantum chemical calculations for simplified model clusters suggest equal contributions of S- and R-form BINAP coordination. The experimentally-observed preference of homochiral-type ligation can then be due to that of the whole ligand structures and assemblies involving interligand interactions. Chiral sorting and amplification processes through the assembly control of homochirality or heterochirality are of primary importance for the development of enantioselective reactions, so we anticipate this finding will contribute to further understanding of such processes based on various metal clusters with chiral ligands.
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