2. Antiapoptotic effect of benzyloxycarbonyl-aspartyl-(beta-tertier-butyl ester)-bromomethylketone (Z-D(OtBu)-Bmk), an intermediate of interleukin-1 beta converting enzyme inhibitors
K Németh, G Bugovics, J I Székely Int J Immunopharmacol. 1997 Apr;19(4):215-25. doi: 10.1016/s0192-0561(97)00026-x.
The effect of several interleukin-1 beta converting enzyme (ICE) inhibitors on apoptosis was examined. The ICE inhibitors tested were peptide aldehydes such as ethyloxycarbonyl-Ala-Tyr-Val-Ala-Asp-aldehyde (Etoco-AYVAD-CHO), acetyl-Tyr-Val-Ala-Asp-aldehyde (Ac-YVAD-CHO), benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-His-Asp-aldehyde (Z-VHD-CHO), a tetrapeptide chloromethylketone, acetyl-Tyr-Val-Ala-Asp-chloromethylketone (Ac-YVAD-Cmk) and their common intermediate benzyloxycarbonyl-Asp-(beta-tertier-butyl ester)-bromomethylketone (Z-D(OtBu)-Bmk). Apoptosis was induced with several chemical agents conventionally used for this purpose in THP-1, L929, NB-41A3 cell lines and mouse thymocytes. DNA fragmentation during apoptosis was measured by conventional gel electrophoresis and ELISA. The cell morphology was examined by hematoxylin/eosin staining method. Cell viability was also monitored by MTT assay. Contrary to expectations, the peptide aldehydes listed above and Ac-YVAD-Cmk, known as highly specific ICE inhibitors, did not inhibit the apoptosis of these cell types. However, Z-D(OtBu)-Bmk, which had no relevant inhibitory activity on ICE, potently blocked the DNA fragmentation in THP-1 cells and thymocytes whichever of the inducing agents was used. In the other two cell lines Z-D(OtBu)-Bmk was inactive. The apoptotic cell morphology was also inhibited by Z-D(OtBu)-Bmk. Nevertheless, Z-D(OtBu)-Bmk failed to prevent the loss of mitochondrial activity and the cell destruction in the late phase of apoptosis. These data suggest that ICE is not involved in the apoptotic cell death induced by chemical agents. Thus, Z-D(OtBu)-Bmk, a common intermediate of some ICE inhibitors, may be a useful antiapoptotic agent for studying the early events of apoptosis in some cell types.