1.L-O-(2-malonyl)tyrosine: a new phosphotyrosyl mimetic for the preparation of Src homology 2 domain inhibitory peptides.
Ye B1, Akamatsu M, Shoelson SE, Wolf G, Giorgetti-Peraldi S, Yan X, Roller PP, Burke TR Jr. J Med Chem. 1995 Oct 13;38(21):4270-5.
Inhibition of Src homology 2 (SH2) domain-binding interactions affords one potential means of modulating protein-tyrosine kinase-dependent signaling. Small phosphotyrosyl (pTyr)-containing peptides are able to bind to SH2 domains and compete with larger pTyr peptides or native pTyr-containing protein ligands. Such pTyr-containing peptides are limited in their utility as SH2 domain inhibitors in vivo due to their hydrolytic lability to protein-tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) and the poor cellular penetration of the ionized phosphate moiety. An important aspect of SH2 domain inhibitor design is the creation of pTyr mimetics which are stable to PTPs and have reasonable bioavailability. To date, most PTP-resistant pTyr mimetics which bind to SH2 domains are phosphonates such as (phosphonomethyl)phenylalanine (Pmp, 2), [(monofluorophosphono)methyl]phenylalanine (FPmp, 3) or [(difluorophosphono)methyl]-phenylalanine (F2Pmp, 4). Herein we report the incorporation of a new non-phosphorus-containing pTyr mimetic, L-O-(2-malonyl)tyrosine (L-OMT, 5), into SH2 domain inhibitory peptides using the protected analogue L-N alpha-Fmoc-O'-(O",O"-di-tert-butyl-2-malonyl)tyrosine (6) and solid-phase peptide synthesis techniques.