Hynic-Toc Trifluoroacetate
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Hynic-Toc Trifluoroacetate

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Hynic-Toc Trifluoroacetate
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913556-62-4 (free base)
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Store at 2-8°C
1. Pre-clinical comparison of [DTPA0] octreotide, [DTPA0,Tyr3] octreotide and [DOTA0,Tyr3] octreotide as carriers for somatostatin receptor-targeted scintigraphy and radionuclide therapy
M De Jong, W H Bakker, W A Breeman, B F Bernard, L J Hofland, T J Visser, A Srinivasan, M Schmidt, M Béhé, H R Mäcke, E P Krenning Int J Cancer. 1998 Jan 30;75(3):406-11. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1097-0215(19980130)75:33.0.co;2-6.
We have evaluated the potential usefulness of radiolabelled [DTPA0,Tyr3]octreotide and [DOTA0,Tyr3]octreotide as radiopharmaceuticals for somatostatin receptor-targeted scintigraphy and radiotherapy. In vitro somatostatin receptor binding and in vivo metabolism in rats of the compounds were investigated in comparison with [111In-DTPA0] octreotide. Comparing different peptide-chelator constructs, [DTPA0,Tyr3]octreotide and [DOTA0,Tyr3]octreotide were found to have a higher affinity than [DTPA0]octreotide for subtype 2 somatostatin receptors (sst2) in mouse AtT20 pituitary tumour cell membranes (all IC50 values obtained were in the low nanomolar range). In vivo studies in CA20948 tumor-bearing Lewis rats revealed a significantly higher uptake of both 111In-labelled [DOTA0,Tyr3]octreotide and [DTPA0,Tyr3]octreotide in sst2-expressing tissues than after injection of [111In-DTPA0]octreotide, showing that substitution of Tyr for Phe at position 3 in octreotide results in an increased affinity for its receptor and in a higher target tissue uptake. Uptake of 111In-labelled [DTPA0]octreotide, [DTPA0,Tyr3]octreotide and [DOTA0,Tyr3]octreotide in pituitary, pancreas, adrenals and tumour was decreased to less than 7% of control by pre-treatment with 0.5 mg unlabelled octreotide/rat, indicating specific binding to sst2. Comparing different radionuclides, [90Y-DOTA0,Tyr3]octreotide had the highest uptake in sst2-positive organs, followed by the [111In-DOTA0,Tyr3]octreotide, whereas [DOTA0,125I-Try3]octreotide uptake was low compared to that of the other radiopharmaceuticals, when measured 24 hr after injection. Renal uptake of 111In-labelled [DTPA0]octreotide, [DTPA0,Tyr3]octreotide and [DOTA0,Tyr3]octreotide was reduced over 50% by an i.v. injection of 400 mg/kg D-lysine, whereas radioactivity in blood, pancreas and adrenals was not affected.
2. Direct synthesis of [DOTA-DPhe1]-octreotide and [DOTA-DPhe1,Tyr3]-octreotide (SMT487): two conjugates for systemic delivery of radiotherapeutical nuclides to somatostatin receptor positive tumors in man
R Albert, P Smith-Jones, B Stolz, C Simeon, H Knecht, C Bruns, J Pless Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 1998 May 19;8(10):1207-10. doi: 10.1016/s0960-894x(98)00187-5.
Direct attachment of unprotected DOTA (1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-N',N",N"',N""-tetraacetic acid) to partially suitably protected octreotide or [Tyr3]-octreotide leads after deprotection to [DOTA-DPhe1]-octreotide (III) and [DOTA-DPhe1,Tyr3]-octreotide (IV). These DOTA-containing somatostatin analogs, when labeled with a radiotherapeutic nuclide, are useful as antitumor agents. The partially protected peptides are accessible via solid phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) followed by selective cleavage under mild acidic conditions from the resin.
3. DOTA-NOC, a high-affinity ligand of somatostatin receptor subtypes 2, 3 and 5 for labelling with various radiometals
Damian Wild, Jörg S Schmitt, Mihaela Ginj, Helmut R Mäcke, Bert F Bernard, Eric Krenning, Marion De Jong, Sandra Wenger, Jean-Claude Reubi Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2003 Oct;30(10):1338-47. doi: 10.1007/s00259-003-1255-5. Epub 2003 Aug 21.
Earlier studies have shown that modification of the octapeptide octreotide in positions 3 and 8 may result in compounds with increased somatostatin receptor affinity that, if radiolabelled, display improved uptake in somatostatin receptor-positive tumours. The aim of a recent research study in our laboratory was to employ the parallel peptide synthesis approach by further exchanging the amino acid in position 3 of octreotide and coupling the macrocyclic chelator DOTA(1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid) to these peptides for labelling with radiometals like gallium-67 or -68, indium-111, yttrium-90 and lutetium-177. The purpose was to find radiopeptides with an improved somatostatin receptor binding profile in order to extend the spectrum of targeted tumours. A first peptide, [111In,90Y-DOTA]-1-Nal3-octreotide (111In,90Y-DOTA-NOC), was isolated which showed an improved profile. InIII-DOTA-NOC exhibited the following IC50 values (nM) when studied in competition with [125I][Leu8, d-Trp22, Tyr25]somatostatin-28 (values for YIII-DOTA-NOC are shown in parentheses): sstr2, 2.9 +/- 0.1 (3.3 +/- 0.2); sstr3, 8 +/- 2 (26 +/- 1.9); sstr5, 11.2 +/- 3.5 (10.4 +/- 1.6). Affinity towards sstr1 and 4 was very low or absent. InIII-DOTA-NOC is superior to all somatostatin-based radiopeptides having this particular type of binding profile, including DOTA-lanreotide, and has three to four times higher binding affinity to sstr2 than InIII,YIII-DOTA-Tyr3-octreotide (InIII,YIII-DOTA-TOC). In addition, [111In]DOTA-NOC showed a specific and high rate of internalization into AR4-2J rat pancreatic tumour cells which, after 4 h, was about two times higher than that of [111In]DOTA-TOC and three times higher than that of [111In]DOTA-octreotide ([111In]DOTA-OC). The internalized radiopeptides were externalized intact upon 2 h of internalization followed by an acid wash. After 2-3 h of externalization a plateau is reached, indicating a steady-state situation explained by reactivation of the receptors followed by re-endocytosis. Biodistribution studies in CA 20948 tumour-bearing rats showed rapid clearance from all sstr-negative tissues except the kidneys. At 4 h the uptake of [111In]DOTA-NOC in the tumour and sstr-positive tissues, such as adrenals, stomach and pancreas, was three to four times higher than that of [111In]DOTA-TOC. Differential blocking studies indicate that this is at least partially due to the uptake mediated by sstr3 and sstr5. These very promising preclinical data justify the use of this new radiopeptide for imaging and potentially internal radiotherapy studies in patients.
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