1. Nucleoside peptides. 10. Synthesis and T-cell immunostimulatory properties of certain peptide derivatives of 6-azacadeguomycin
K Ramasamy, B S Sharma, W B Jolley, R K Robins, G R Revankar J Med Chem. 1989 Aug;32(8):1905-9. doi: 10.1021/jm00128a036.
Several amino acid and peptide conjugates of 6-azacadeguomycin (6-amino-1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-4,5-dihydro-4-oxopyrazolo[3,4-d]py rimidine- 3-carboxylic acid, 2) have been prepared in good yields, via a two-step procedure involving 1-hydroxybenzotriazole and 1-ethyl-3-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]carbodiimide hydrochloride mediated coupling of 2 with an appropriately protected amino acid or peptide, followed by ammonolysis. Thus, condensation of 2 with L-phenylalanine methyl ester, glycine ethyl ester, and L-glutamic acid diethyl ester gave the corresponding protected linear nucleoside peptides (3, 5 and 7, respectively). Subsequent ammonolysis of 3, 5 and 7 furnished L-phenylalanine amide (4), glycine amide (6) and L-glutamic acid diamide (8) conjugates of 6-azacadeguomycin, respectively. Saponification of 7 gave the corresponding L-glutamic acid derivative 9. A similar coupling of 2 with L-phenylalaninyl-N epsilon-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester trifluoroacetate and subsequent ammonolysis (after catalytic hydrogenation) gave L-phenylalaninyl-L-arginine amide conjugate (12) of 6-azacadeguomycin. Compounds 2, 4, 6, 8, 9, and 12 were evaluated for their ability to potentiate T-cell responses to plant mitogens, in comparison with cadeguomycin (1). Compounds 4, 6, and 9 exhibited an increase in the T-cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner.
2. Protease-catalyzed regioselective polymerization and copolymerization of glutamic acid diethyl ester
Hiroshi Uyama, Tokuma Fukuoka, Izuru Komatsu, Takashi Watanabe, Shiro Kobayashi Biomacromolecules. 2002 Mar-Apr;3(2):318-23. doi: 10.1021/bm010135c.
Protease-catalyzed polymerization and copolymerization of L-glutamic acid diethyl ester hydrochloride (1) have been performed in a buffer of high concentration. Papain and bromelain showed high catalytic activity toward the polymerization. H-H COSY NMR analysis of the product showed the exclusive formation of poly(alpha-peptide), which was further confirmed by comparison with NMR spectra of poly(alpha-methyl gamma-L-glutamate). The papain-catalyzed polymerization of gamma-methyl L-glutamate did not occur under the similar reaction conditions, supporting the regioselective production of the polymer having an alpha-peptide linkage from 1. The effects of the reaction parameters have been systematically investigated. The copolymerization of 1 with various amino acid esters took place by the papain catalyst to give peptide copolymers.
3. Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of 6-substituted pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines as dual inhibitors of TS and AICARFTase and as potential antitumor agents
Yi Liu, Meng Li, Hongying Zhang, Jiangsong Yuan, Congying Zhang, Kai Zhang, Huicai Guo, Lijuan Zhao, Yumin Du, Lei Wang, Leiming Ren Eur J Med Chem. 2016 Jun 10;115:245-56. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2016.03.032. Epub 2016 Mar 21.
A new series of 2-amino-4-oxo-6-substituted pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines, with an isosteric replacement of the side chain amide moiety to a sulfur atom, were designed and synthesized as multitargeted antifolates as well as potential antitumor agents. Starting from previously synthesized 2-amino-4-oxo-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-6-yl-acetic acid, a reduction by lithium triethylborohydride and successive mesylation afforded the key mesylate. Nucleophilic substitution by mercaptoacetic or mercaptopropionic acid methyl esters, followed by hydrolysis and condensation with pyridinyl-methylamines provided the nonclassical compounds 1-6, whereas condensation with glutamic acid diethyl ester hydrochloride and saponification afforded the classical analogs 7-8. All target compounds exhibited inhibitory activities toward KB, SW620 and A549 tumor cell lines. The most potent compounds of this series, 7 and 8, are better inhibitors against A549 cells than methotrexate (MTX) and pemetrexed (PMX). Nucleoside protection assays establish compound 8 a dual inhibitor of thymidylate synthase (TS) and 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (AICARFTase) targeting both de novo thymidylate and purine nucleotide biosynthesis, which is further verified by the molecular modeling studies. Analogous to PMX, target compound 8 alternates the cell cycle of SW620 cells with S-phase accumulation and induces apoptosis, leading to cell death.