1.Asymmetric synthesis of (1R,2S,3R)-3-methylcispentacin and (1S,2S,3R)-3-methyltranspentacin by kinetic resolution of tert-butyl (+/-)-3-methylcyclopentene-1-carboxylate.
Bunnage ME1, Chippindale AM, Davies SG, Parkin RM, Smith AD, Withey JM. Org Biomol Chem. 2003 Nov 7;1(21):3698-707.
Conjugate addition of lithium dibenzylamide to tert-butyl (+/-)-3-methylcyclopentene-1-carboxylate occurs with high levels of stereocontrol, with preferential addition of lithium dibenzylamide to the face of the cyclic alpha,beta-unsaturated acceptor anti- to the 3-methyl substituent. High levels of enantiorecognition are observed between tert-butyl (+/-)-3-methylcyclopentene-1-carboxylate and an excess of lithium (+/-)-N-benzyl-N-alpha-methylbenzylamide (10 eq.) (E > 140) in their mutual kinetic resolution, while the kinetic resolution of tert-butyl (+/-)-3-methylcyclopentene-1-carboxylate with lithium (S)-N-benzyl-N-alpha-methylbenzylamide proceeds to give, at 51% conversion, tert-butyl (1R,2S,3R,alphaS)-3-methyl-2-N-benzyl-N-alpha-methylbenzylaminocyclopentane-1-carboxylate consistent with E > 130, and in 39% yield and 99 +/- 0.5% de after purification. Subsequent deprotection by hydrogenolysis and ester hydrolysis gives (1R,2S,3R)-3-methylcispentacin in > 98% de and 98 +/- 1% ee.
2.Combinatorial solution-phase synthesis of (2S,4S)-4-acylamino-5-oxopyrrolidine-2-carboxamides.
Malavasic C1, Brulc B, Cebasek P, Dahmann G, Heine N, Bevk D, Groselj U, Meden A, Stanovnik B, Svete J. J Comb Chem. 2007 Mar-Apr;9(2):219-29.
Solution-phase combinatorial synthesis of (2S,4S)-4-acylamino-5-oxopyrrolidine-2-carboxamides was studied. First, di-tert-butyl (2S,4S)-4-amino-5-oxopyrrolidine-1,2-dicarboxylate hydrochloride was prepared as the key intermediate in five steps from (S)-pyroglutamic acid. Acylation of the amino group followed by acidolytic deprotection gave (2S,4S)-4-acylamino-5-oxopyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acids, which were then coupled with amines to furnish a library of (2S,4S)-4-acylamino-5-oxopyrrolidine-2-carboxamides. Four coupling reagents, BPC, EEDQ, TBTU, and PFTU, were tested for the amidation reactions in the final step. Amidations with EEDQ and TBTU led to the desired carboxamides. On the other hand, BPC and PFTU were not suited, since diketopiperazines were sometimes obtained instead of the desired carboxamides.