1. Natural product syntheses via carbonylative cyclizations
Kaiqing Ma, Brandon S Martin, Xianglin Yin, Mingji Dai Nat Prod Rep. 2019 Jan 1;36(1):174-219. doi: 10.1039/c8np00033f. Epub 2018 Jun 20.
Covering: 2000-2018In this review, we highlight recent examples of natural product total syntheses employing transition metal-mediated/catalyzed carbonylative cyclization strategies to build key ring systems. It mainly covers carbonylative cyclizations for the construction of O-heterocycles, N-heterocycles and carbocycles including cyclic ketones and phenols. The reaction types include carbonylation of epoxide to β-lactones, carbonylative (macro)lactonization/lactamization, the Semmelhack reaction, tandem hydroformylation-cyclization, the Pauson-Khand reaction, carbonylative C-H activation cyclization, the Stille/Suzuki carbonylation, [n + m + 1] carbonylative cycloaddition, the Dötz annulation, and others.
2. Syntheses Based on 3,4α-Epoxy-1,5,7α,6β(H)-guai-10(14),11(13)-dien-6,12-olide
Sergazy Adekenov Molecules. 2022 Mar 13;27(6):1862. doi: 10.3390/molecules27061862.
The sesquiterpene γ-lactone estafiatin 1, the molecule of which has a structure of 3,4α-epoxy-1,5,7α,6β(H)-guai-10(14),11(13)-dien-6,12-olide, is characteristic of plants of the genera Achillea L. and Artemisia L. of the Asteraceae family. This article presents the results of chemical modification for three reaction centers of the estafiatin molecule 1: epoxy cycle, exomethylene group conjugated with γ-lactone carbonyl, and exomethylene group in position C10=C14; and at the same time 33 new derivatives were synthesized, the structures of which were established based on physicochemical constants, spectral data (IR-, PMR-, 13C-NMR), and X-ray diffraction analysis. The stereo- and regiospecificity, as well as the chemoselectivity of the reaction based on estafiatin molecule 1, are discussed. The reactivity of the substrate is significantly influenced by the stereochemistry of its molecule, the nature of the reagent, and the reaction medium. Based on the results of in silico screening, derivatives of estafiatin with high binding energies for both DNA-topoisomerase I and DNA-topoisomerase II were identified. The values of the inhibitory dose of IC50 for estafiatin 1 and its derivatives were determined on cell lines of eight types of tumors. in vivo experiments of the samples made it possible to establish that estafiatin 1 and its derivatives have pronounced antitumor activity against Pliss lymphosarcoma, Walker's carcinosarcoma, sarcoma 45, sarcoma-180, alveolar liver cancer PC-1, leukemia P-388 and L-1210, and sarcoma-45 resistant to 5-fluorouracil.
3. Bacterial N-acyl-homoserine-lactone-dependent signalling and its potential biotechnological applications
N D Robson, A R Cox, S J McGowan, B W Bycroft, G P Salmond Trends Biotechnol. 1997 Nov;15(11):458-64. doi: 10.1016/S0167-7799(97)01102-5.
N-acyl homoserine lactones are bacterial signalling molecules involved in regulating diverse metabolic functions, particularly those relating to virulence, in concert with cell density. Each aspect of the signalling pathway, from production and recognition of the signal to expression of the target genes, offers a potential opportunity for exploitation. Attention is now focusing on the development of novel methods for bacterial enumeration, modulation of bacterial virulence and flexible, coordinated expression of heterologous genes through the use of N-acyl-homoserine-lactone-based systems.