1.Crosstalk between polysulfide and nitric oxide in rat peritoneal mast cells.
Moustafa A1, Habara Y2. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2016 Apr 6:ajpcell.00028.2016. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00028.2016. [Epub ahead of print]
The aim of this study was to define the effects of polysulfide on intracellular Ca2+concentration ([Ca2+]i) and the underlying machinery, especially from the hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and nitric oxide (NO) perspectives, in rat peritoneal mast cells. We found that a polysulfide donor known as Na2S4increased [Ca2+]i, which is both extracellular and intracellular Ca2+-dependent. Intracellular Ca2+release induced Na2S4was attenuated by the addition of a ryanodine receptor blocker. A slow-releasing H2S donor, GYY4137, dose-dependently increased the [Ca2+]ithat was independent from extracellular Ca2+influx. The GYY4137-induced [Ca2+]irelease was partially attenuated in the presence of the ryanodine receptor blocker. Both polysulfide and H2S donors increased the intracellular NO levels in DAF-2-loaded mast cells, which was abolished by an NO scavenger, cPTIO. Inhibition of NO synthase (NOS) significantly abolished the polysulfide- or H2S-donor-induced [Ca2+]ielevation in the absence of extracellular Ca2+ An NO donor, DEA NONOate, increased the [Ca2+]iin a concentration-dependent manner, in which both extracellular and intracellular Ca2+are associated.
2.Structures and Electronic Properties of Lithium Chelate-Based Ionic Liquids.
Si D1, Chen K2, Yao J1, Li H1,3. J Phys Chem B. 2016 Apr 18. [Epub ahead of print]
The conformations, electronic properties, and interaction energies of four chelate-based ionic liquids [Li(EA)][Tf2N], [Li(HDA)][Tf2N], [Li(DEA)][Tf2N], and [Li(DOBA)][Tf2N] have been theoretically explored. The reliability of the located conformers has been confirmed via the comparison between the simulated and experimental infrared spectra. Our results show that the N-Li and O-Li coordinate bonds in cation are elongated as the numbers of coordinate heteroatoms of alkanolamine ligands to Li+ increased. Also the binding energies between Li+ and ligands are increased and the interaction energies between cations and Tf2N anion are decreased. The cation-anion interaction energies follow the order of [Li(DOBA)][Tf2N] < [Li(HDA)][Tf2N] < [Li(DEA)][Tf2N] < [Li(EA)][Tf2N], which fall within the energetic ranges of conventional ionic liquids. Interestingly, the strongest stabilization orbital interactions in these ionic liquids and their cations revealed by the natural bond orbital analysis lie in the interaction between the lone pair (LP) of the coordinate heteroatoms in ligands or anion as donors and the vacant valence shell nonbonding orbital (LP*) of Li+ as acceptors, which are very different from that of conventional ionic liquids.
3.Biopolymer-prebiotic carbohydrate blends and their effects on the retention of bioactive compounds and maintenance of antioxidant activity.
Silva EK1, Zabot GL1, Cazarin CB1, Maróstica MR Jr1, Meireles MA2. Carbohydr Polym. 2016 Jun 25;144:149-58. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.02.045. Epub 2016 Feb 18.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of inulin (IN), a prebiotic carbohydrate without superficial activity, as an encapsulating matrix of lipophilic bioactive compounds. For achieving the encapsulation, IN was associated with biopolymers that present superficial activity: modified starch (HiCap), whey protein isolate (WPI) and gum acacia (GA). Encapsulation was performed through emulsification assisted by ultrasound followed by freeze-drying (FD) process to dry the emulsions. All blends retained geranylgeraniol. GA-IN blend yielded the highest geranylgeraniol retention (96±2wt.%) and entrapment efficiency (94±3wt.%), whilst WPI-IN blend yielded the highest encapsulation efficiency (88±2wt.%). After encapsulation, composition of geranylgeraniol in the annatto seed oil was maintained (23.0±0.5g/100g of oil). Such findings indicate that the method of encapsulation preserved the active compound. All blends were also effective for maintaining the antioxidant activity of the oil through ORAC and DPPH analyses.
4.Percutaneous dilation tracheostomy by Melker cricothyrotomy set in PICU: retrospective evaluation of a new combined approach.
Rossetti E1, Bianchi R2, Germani A2, Chiusolo F2, Appierto L2, Picardo S2. Paediatr Anaesth. 2016 May;26(5):569-71. doi: 10.1111/pan.12892.