Neurokinin A (4-10)

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Neurokinin A (4-10)
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Neurokinin A (4-10), an endogenous neuromodulatory peptide formerly known as substance K, is an atachykinin NK2 receptor agonist.

Peptide Inhibitors
Catalog number
CAS number
Molecular Formula
Molecular Weight
Neurokinin A (4-10)
Size Price Stock Quantity
5 mg $199 In stock
(3S)-3-amino-4-[[(2S)-1-[[(2S)-1-[[(2S)-1-[[2-[[(2S)-1-[[(2S)-1-amino-4-methylsulfanyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl]amino]-4-methyl-1-oxopentan-2-yl]amino]-2-oxoethyl]amino]-3-methyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl]amino]-1-oxo-3-phenylpropan-2-yl]amino]-3-hydroxy-1-oxopropan-2-yl]amino]-4-oxobutanoic acid
H-Asp-Ser-Phe-Val-Gly-Leu-Met-NH2; L-alpha-aspartyl-L-seryl-L-phenylalanyl-L-valyl-glycyl-L-leucyl-L-methioninamide; (5S,8S,14S,17S,20S,23S)-23-amino-17-benzyl-5-carbamoyl-20-(hydroxymethyl)-8-isobutyl-14-isopropyl-7,10,13,16,19,22-hexaoxo-2-thia-6,9,12,15,18,21-hexaazapentacosan-25-oic acid
White or off-white lyophilized powder
1.276±0.06 g/cm3
Boiling Point
1231.2±65.0 ℃ at 760 Torr
Store at -20°C
Soluble in Water (10 mM), DMSO
InChI Key
Canonical SMILES
1.Neurokinin B- and specific tachykinin NK(3) receptor agonists-induced airway hyperresponsiveness in the guinea-pig.
Daoui S;Naline E;Lagente V;Emonds-Alt X;Advenier C Br J Pharmacol. 2000 May;130(1):49-56.
1. The aim of this study was to determine whether neurokinin B (NKB) or specific agonists of tachykinin NK(3) receptors, [MePhe(7)]NKB and senktide, were able to induce airway hyperresponsiveness in guinea-pigs. The effects of these compounds were compared to those of substance P (SP), neurokinin A (NKA) and the preferential tachykinin NK(1) ([Sar(9), Met(0(2))(11)]SP) or NK(2) ([betaAla(8)]NKA (4-10)) receptor agonists. 2. In guinea-pigs pretreated with phosphoramidon (10(-4) M aerosol for 10 min) and salbutamol (8.7x10(-3) M for 10 min), all tachykinins administrated by aerosol (3x10(-7) to 10(-4) M) induced airway hyperresponsiveness 24 h later, displayed by an exaggerated response to the bronchoconstrictor effect of acetylcholine (i.v.). The rank order of potency was: [betaAla(8)]NKA (4-10)>NKA=NKB=senktide=[MePhe(7)]NKB=[Sar(9),Met(0(2))(11)]SP>SP. 3. Airway hyperresponsiveness induced by [MePhe(7)]NKB was prevented by the tachykinin NK(3) (SR 142801) and NK(2) (SR 48968) receptor antagonists. 4. Bronchoconstriction induced by tachykinins administered by aerosol was also determined. SP, NKA, NKB and the tachykinin NK(1) and NK(2) receptor agonist induced bronchoconstriction. The rank order of potency was: NKA=[betaAla(8)]NKA (4-10)>NKB=SP=[Sar(9), Met(0(2))(11)]SP.
2.Effect of longitudinal muscle-myenteric plexus removal and indomethacin on the response to tachykinin NK-2 and NK-3 receptor agonists in the circular muscle of the guinea-pig ileum.
Maggi CA;Patacchini R;Meini S;Giuliani S J Auton Pharmacol. 1994 Feb;14(1):49-60.
1. The effect of removal of the longitudinal muscle-myenteric plexus (LM-MP) and/or indomethacin (10 microM) on the response to the tachykinin NK-2 receptor selective agonist, [beta Ala8]NKA(4-10), or to the NK-3 receptor selective agonist, senktide, was investigated by measuring mechanical activity (isotonic recording) of circular muscle (ring preparation) of the guinea-pig ileum. 2. Indomethacin (10 microM) increased the percentage of ileal rings displaying spontaneous activity, either intact or LM-MP-free. The response to senktide (10 nM and 1 microM) was lower in LM-MP-free than in intact ileal rings, either in the absence or presence of indomethacin. The response to a low concentration (10 nM) of [beta Ala8] NKA (4-10) was enhanced in LM-MP-free rings and by indomethacin. 3. In intact ileal rings, the response to senktide was unaffected by atropine (3 microM) alone or by the tachykinin NK-2 receptor antagonist MEN 10,376 (10 microM) alone while it was reduced by the combined administration of the two antagonists. The response to senktide was greatly reduced by tetrodotoxin (TTX, 1 microM). Senktide-induced contractions (10 nM) were also reduced by the blocker of N-type voltage-sensitive calcium channels, omega-contoxin (CTX, 0.
3.Effect of thiorphan on response of the guinea-pig gallbladder to tachykinins.
Maggi CA;Patacchini R;Renzi D;Santicioli P;Regoli D;Rovero P;Drapeau G;Surrenti C;Meli A Eur J Pharmacol. 1989 Jun 8;165(1):51-61.
Tachykinins produced a concentration-related contraction of the isolated guinea-pig gallbladder, with a rank order of potency neurokinin A (NKA) greater than Arg-neurokinin B = neurokinin B (NKB) greater than substance P (SP). Only the effect of SP was potentiated by thiorphan (0.1-10 microM). A significant enhancement of the response to SP was also produced by captopril (1 microM). [Nle10]NKA-(4-10) and [beta-Ala8]NKA-(4-10), selective NK-2 receptor agonists, were active, whereas [Pro9]SP sulfone (selective NK-1 agonist) was almost ineffective. [MePhe7]NKB (selective NK-3 agonist) had some activity but only at high concentrations. Septide was almost ineffective and DiMeC7 had an action comparable to that of [MePhe7]NKB. None of the effects induced by these synthetic tachykinin analogs were significantly potentiated by thiorphan. Capsaicin (10 microM) produced a contraction which was unaffected by thiorphan. Both capsaicin and NKA-induced contractions were antagonized by Spantide at concentrations (5-10 microM) which had no effect against the atropine-sensitive contractions produced by electrical field stimulation. Capsaicin (1 microM) produced a consistent release of SP-like immunoreactivity (SP-LI) and a second application of the drug had no further effect, indicating complete desensitization.

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