1.Photostable, amino reactive and water-soluble fluorescent labels based on sulfonated rhodamine with a rigidized xanthene fragment.
Boyarskiy VP1, Belov VN, Medda R, Hein B, Bossi M, Hell SW. Chemistry. 2008;14(6):1784-92.
Highly water soluble fluorescent dyes were synthesized and transformed into new amino reactive fluorescent labels for biological microscopy. To this end, rhodamine 8 (prepared from 7-hydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline (7) and phthalic anhydride in 85 % aq. H(3)PO(4)) was sulfonated with 30 % SO(3) in H(2)SO(4) and afforded the water soluble disulfonic acid 3 a (64 %). Amidation of the carboxy group in 3 a with 2-(methylamino)ethanol in the presence of O-(7-azabenzotriazol-1-yl)-N,N,N',N'-tetramethyluroniumPF(6) (-) (HATU) led to alcohol 3 b (66 %), which was transformed into the amino reactive mixed carbonate 3 d with di(N-succinimidyl)carbonate and Et(3)N. Reaction of the carboxy group in 3 a with MeNH(CH(2))(2)CO(2)Me and N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-O-(N-succinimidyl)-uroniumBF(4) (-) (TSTU) yielded methyl ester 13. After saponification of the aliphatic carboxy group in 13, the compound was converted into NHS-ester 3 e (using HATU and Et(3)N).