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Amino Acids Used as Inhibitors

Introduction

Amino acid inhibitors have good tolerance, low bioavailability and short half-life, and can be chemically modified to increase activity and stability. Although the affinity of amino acid inhibitors to the target may not be as good as that of antibody drugs, their controllable pharmacokinetic properties and mature research system may overcome the existing problems of antibody drugs and replace monoclonal antibodies or serve as their complementary therapy.

Amino Acids Used as Inhibitors

  • Nitric Oxide Synthase (NOS) Inhibitors

Nitric oxide synthases (NOS) are a family of enzymes that catalyze the production of nitric oxide (NO) from L-arginine. NO produced by NOS participates in the regulation of cardiovascular, central nervous and immune system physiological processes and biological signals. Uncontrolled NO production can lead to pathological conditions such as stroke, inflammation and hypertension. Therefore, the control of NOS activity by NOS inhibitors has great potential for the treatment of NO-related diseases.

NameCASCatalogPrice
Nitroarginine2149-70-4BAT-008106Inquiry
S-MTC156719-41-4BAT-015935Inquiry
L-Citrulline372-75-8BAT-014315Inquiry
N-α-(t-Butoxycarbonyl)-L-thiocitrulline t-butyl ester133565-49-8BAT-003139Inquiry
  • Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 (DPP-4) Inhibitors

Dipeptidyl peptidases (DPPs) are a class of antigenic enzymes expressed on the surface of most cell types and are associated with immune regulation, signal transduction and apoptosis. DPP-4 plays a major role in glucose metabolism. DPP-4 inhibitors can inhibit the inactivation of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and gastrin inhibitory peptide (GIP) by DDP-4, increase the levels of endogenous GLP-1 and GIP, and promote the Beta cells release insulin, which lowers blood sugar.

NameCASCatalogPrice
(S)-Sitagliptin N-Boc-Acid Impurity922178-94-7BAT-008080Inquiry
Sitagliptin FP Impurity E Hydrochloride1204818-19-8BAT-008056Inquiry
Sitagliptin Impurity 19486460-00-8BAT-008040Inquiry
Sitagliptin Impurity G269396-59-0BAT-008042Inquiry
Sitagliptin Impurity M218608-98-1BAT-008041Inquiry
Sitagliptin Related Compound 1331763-66-7BAT-008043Inquiry
Sitagliptin Impurity 21101555-61-7BAT-005171Inquiry
  • Histone Deacetylase (HDAC) Inhibitors

Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors can inhibit tumor cell proliferation, induce cell differentiation and apoptosis. HDAC inhibitors have become a new hotspot in the research of targeted tumor therapy, and have inhibitory effects on tumor cell migration, invasion, and metastasis.

  • Enzyme Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase (IDO) Inhibitors

Indoleamine 2,3- dioxygenase (IDO) can regulate the body's anti-tumor immunity, participate in the formation of tumor inflammatory microenvironment, and promote tumor angiogenesis. It is associated with Alzheimer's disease, senile cataract, cancer and other related to disease pathogenesis. In clinical trials of treating different malignant tumors, IDO inhibitors can not only be used as immunomodulators, but also be used in combination with therapeutic strategies such as immune checkpoint inhibition, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

  • GABA Inhibitors

GABA, γ-aminobutyric acid, is an important inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. The degradation of GABA is mainly catalyzed by GABA aminotransferase. GABA inhibitors can be used to treat a variety of neurological diseases such as epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, Alzheimer's disease, etc.

NameCASCatalogPrice
DL-Nipecotic acid498-95-3BAT-002079Inquiry
L-DABA1758-80-1BAT-008112Inquiry
H-DL-Dab 2HCl65427-54-5BAT-000866Inquiry
  • Rho-associated Kinase (ROCK) Inhibitors

Rho-associated kinases (ROCKs) are a serine/threonine protein kinase. ROCK inhibitors can reduce cerebral infarct volume and promote neurological recovery.

  • Hydroxylase Inhibitors

Tryptophan hydroxylase inhibitors are useful in the treatment of diseases or conditions associated with peripheral serotonin. Tyrosine hydroxylase inhibitors can be widely used as whitening agents in cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries, and can also be used as anti-browning compounds in food and agricultural products.

NameCASCatalogPrice
3-Iodotyrosine70-78-0BAT-008130Inquiry
N-Methyl-DL-tyrosine hydrochloride19897-63-3BAT-000442Inquiry
N-Methyl-L-tyrosine537-49-5BAT-003855Inquiry
L-α-Methyltyrosine672-87-7BAT-008124Inquiry
2-Aminoindane-2-carboxylic acid27473-62-7BAT-007785Inquiry
  • Cathepsin Inhibitors

Cathepsins are essential for many physiological functions such as ion channel activity, apoptosis, angiogenesis, proliferation and metastasis. Many diseases have been attributed to dysregulation of cathepsins. Cathepsin inhibitors work by inhibiting the activity of enzymes.

  • Serine Protease Inhibitors

Serine protease inhibitors are a class of regulators of serine protease activity, which can regulate many important life processes in organisms, such as protein folding, inflammatory response, cell migration and tumor suppression.

NameCASCatalogPrice
Nafamostat mesilate82956-11-4BAT-008979Inquiry
  • Enkephalinase Inhibitors

Enkephalinase inhibitors can treat cerebrovascular diseases, chronic heart failure, hypertension and kidney diseases.

NameCASCatalogPrice
Thiorphan76721-89-6BAT-008030Inquiry
D-Phenylalanine673-06-3BAT-008100Inquiry
  • Other Inhibitors
NameCASCatalogPrice
E-6466701-25-5BAT-015060Inquiry
S 3304203640-27-1BAT-008640Inquiry
Virstatin88909-96-0BAT-015357Inquiry
Aloxistatin88321-09-9BAT-015061Inquiry
H-Phg(4-OH)-OH32462-30-9BAT-000873Inquiry
Ac-Tyr(3,5-NO2)-OH20767-00-4BAT-003858Inquiry
β-Chloro-L-alanine2731-73-9BAT-007773Inquiry
Nα-Acetyl-L-tryptophan1218-34-4BAT-003856Inquiry
3-Methylhippuric acid27115-49-7BAT-002081Inquiry
4-Methylhippuric acid27115-50-0BAT-002082Inquiry
2-(4-Aminophenyl)acetic acid1197-55-3BAT-002084Inquiry
2-Aminotetraline-2-carboxylic acid6331-63-1BAT-007786Inquiry
Acetyl-α,β-dehydro-phenylalanine5469-45-4BAT-002080Inquiry
Glycine benzyl ester hydrochloride2462-31-9BAT-003851Inquiry
Glycine ethyl ester hydrochloride623-33-6BAT-003852Inquiry
Glycine tert-butyl ester hydrochloride27532-96-3BAT-003853Inquiry

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